Trail of the Caribou
From Veteran’s Affairs Canada
Caribou Monument at Gueudecourt Newfoundland Memorial.
Following the First World War, five battlefield memorials were built in France and Belgium to commemorate Newfoundland’s accomplishments, contributions and sacrifices during the First World War.
- Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial
- Gueudecourt Newfoundland Memorial
- Masnières Newfoundland Memorial
- Monchy-le-Preux Newfoundland Memorial
- Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial
In 2021, a sixth battlefield memorial—the Gallipoli Newfoundland Memorial – was installed in Türkiye (formerly known as Turkey).
With a bronze Caribou featured at each site, these six sites are informally known as the Trail of the Caribou. Together they represent some of the most important moments in Newfoundland’s First World War experience.
Following the Trail
To help plan a visit to any of these Newfoundland memorial sites, here are their GPS coordinates:
- Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial (France): N50.073611, E2.648056
- Gueudecourt Newfoundland Memorial (France): N50.065086, E2.853678
- Masnières Newfoundland Memorial (France): N50.123423, E3.211645
- Monchy-le-Preux Newfoundland Memorial (France): N50.270556, E2.893333
- Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial (Belgium): N50.838752, E3.28517
- Gallipoli Newfoundland Memorial (Türkiye): N40.31256, E26.251981
Estimated travel times between memorials in France and Belgium:
Trail of the Caribou in France and Belgium
- Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial to Gueudecourt Newfoundland Memorial: 30 minutes
- Gueudecourt Newfoundland Memorial to Masnières Newfoundland Memorial: 45 minutes
- Masnières Newfoundland Memorial to Monchy-le-Preux Newfoundland Memorial: 45 minutes
- Monchy-le-Preux Newfoundland Memorial to Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial: 1 hour
As you plan your trip, consider the following:
- Some tour operators offer transportation along the same route or may offer a custom tour. There is no public transportation available between the sites. Visitors who want to follow the Trail of the Caribou on their own will need their own transportation.
- When local driving conditions are accounted for, visiting all five sites located in France and Belgium requires approximately three hours of driving.
- The memorials can be difficult to locate. We recommend using the GPS coordinates.
- Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial is the largest of the five sites and offers a visitor centre and interpretive elements.
Employees of Veterans Affairs Canada are unable to provide trip planning assistance or recommend transportation or accommodations. To assist you in your planning, the following links may be helpful:
Did you know?
Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949. The province was officially renamed Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001. During the First World War, the entire area was a separate British dominion called Newfoundland. Soldiers from both the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador served in the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during the conflict.